This course is about the challenge of solving conflicts that are firmly entrenched with little hope for change. Often these conflicts repeat a pattern of violence between groups that hold fixed positions and beliefs. We will look in depth at this type of conflict, analyzing the factors that contribute to intractibility. We will then look at people like Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela, who led movements that made a conscious effort to resolve conflict non-violently and broke through the fixed nature of the problems they found themselves in. Current political movements around the world have been influenced by these great leaders. They applied non-violent theories to practical action. These strategic non-violent encounters will also be explored through the lens of complex dynamic systems. Multi-party collaborative problem-solving is a capacity that is a practice of this course.