Human rights are universal legal guarantees that protect individuals and groups against actions that interfere with fundamental freedoms and human dignity. Under international human rights law, states have the responsibility to respect, protect and fulfill human rights for all. If these obligations are not met, international legal action can be taken. Based on the legal standards adopted by the international community over time, this module aims to provide students with the basic concepts of international human rights law, its sources, and the general protection that institutions provide to protect these guarantees. Through the course the students will explore:
– What are human rights?
– What are the main international instruments that safeguard HR?
– Where do rules on human rights come from?
– Who makes these rules? And who monitors those?
– What is the role of the international and regional organizations?
The course will provide a comprehensive understanding of the International Human Rights Law and its importance.